Ethiopia has a highly diverse population of people. Most people speak a Semitic or Cushitic language. The Tigray, Oromo, Somali and Amhara people make up more than three-quarters of Ethiopia's human population but there are more than 80 different ethnic groups represented. Some of these ethnicities have as few as 10,000 people. English is the most widely spoken foreign language and is taught in all secondary schools. 

Addis Ababa is the capital city of Ethiopia. It is also the largest city in the country by population, with a total population of 3,384,569 according to the 2007 census. The city has through recent years seen a robust annual growth rate, and population counts as of 2017 are growing closer to 4 million.  Addis Ababa is a chartered city and as such, is considered both a city and a state.