Geography

city map

 Addis ababa is the capital city of Ethiopi and the African Union and is often called the "African Capital" due to its historical, diplomatic, and political significance for the continent. Located in the foothills of the Entoto Mountains and standing 7,726 feet (2,355 meters) above sea level, it is the third highest capital in the world. It is located in the geographic center of the country. When the city was at risk due to a shortage of firewood in the early 1900s, an ambitious campaign to plant Eucalyptus  trees imported from Australia in and around the city essentially secured its lasting location. Today, a greenbelt of forests and semi-subsistence cultivated land surrounds the city.

This historically significant city in its enchanting mountain setting is recognized as one of the world¹s most problematic, yet fascinating and beautiful cities. Its country's border war with Eritrea and unsteady relationship with Somalia have put a heavy burden on Addis Ababa as it has become a center for refugees whom it cannot support. Rapid population growth has created slums. Some areas have 200 people per acre, living in ramshackle attached houses built without regard to sanitation or drainage.

Subdivision

The city is divided into 10 boroughs, called subcities(woredas) and 99 wards(kebeles).The 10 subcities are listed as follows:

Nr Subcity Area (km2) Population Density Map

1

Addis Ketema

7.41

271,644

36,659.1

Addis Ketema (Addis Ababa Map).png

2

Akaky Kaliti

118.08

195,273

1,653.7

Akaky Kaliti (Addis Ababa Map).png

3

Arada

9.91

225,999

23,000

Arada (Addis Ababa Map).png

4

Bole

122.08

328,900

2,694.1

Bole (Addis Ababa Map).png

5

Gullele

30.18

284,865

9,438.9

Gullele (Addis Ababa Map).png

6

Kirkos

14.62

235,441

16,104

Kirkos (Addis Ababa Map).png

7

Kolfe Keranio

61.25

546,219

7,448.5

Kolfe Keranio (Addis Ababa Map).png

8

Lideta

9.18

214,769

23,000

Lideta (Addis Ababa Map).png

9

Nifas Silk-Lafto

68.30

335,740

4,915.7

Nifas Silk-Lafto (Addis Ababa Map).png

10

Yeka

85.46

337,575

3950.1

Yeka (Addis Ababa Map).png

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